The choroid plexus: a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, function, histology, embryology, and surgical considerations

Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Feb;30(2):205-14. doi: 10.1007/s00381-013-2326-y. Epub 2013 Nov 28.


Introduction: The role of the choroid plexus in cerebrospinal fluid production has been identified for more than a century. Over the years, more intensive studies of this structure has lead to a better understanding of the functions, including brain immunity, protection, absorption, and many others. Here, we review the macro- and microanatomical structure of the choroid plexus in addition to its function and embryology.

Method: The literature was searched for articles and textbooks for data related to the history, anatomy, physiology, histology, embryology, potential functions, and surgical implications of the choroid plexus. All were gathered and summarized comprehensively.

Conclusion: We summarize the literature regarding the choroid plexus and its surgical implications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Choroid Plexus / anatomy & histology*
  • Choroid Plexus / physiology*
  • Choroid Plexus / surgery
  • Humans