Lifestyle factors including diet and leukemia development: a case-control study from Mumbai, India

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(10):5657-61. doi: 10.7314/apjcp.2013.14.10.5657.


In India, among males, leukemia rates vary across the country. The present unmatched hospital-based case- control study conducted at Tata Memorial Hospital included subjects registered between the years 1997-99. There were 246 leukemia cases and 1,383 normal controls. Data on demographics, lifestyle, diet and occupation history were recorded. Cigarette (OR=2.1) and bidi smoking (OR=3.4) showed excess risk for leukemia. Odds ratios were 3.9 for fish-eaters, 0.40 for chilli eaters, 1.5 for milk drinkers and 0.60 for coffee drinkers, compared to non-drinkers/eaters. However, neither exposure to use of pesticides nor cotton dust showed any excess risk for leukemia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diet / adverse effects*
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • India
  • Leukemia / etiology*
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors