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Observational Study
, 81 (4), 232-40

[Developmental Centered Care. Situation in Spanish Neonatal Units]

[Article in Spanish]
Affiliations
Observational Study

[Developmental Centered Care. Situation in Spanish Neonatal Units]

[Article in Spanish]
M López Maestro et al. An Pediatr (Barc).

Abstract

Introduction: Developmental centered care (DC) is focused on sensorineural and emotional development of the newborns. In Spain we have had information on the application of DC since 1999, but the extent of actual implementation is unknown.

Objetive: To determine the level of implementation of DC in Spanish neonatal units where more than 50 infants weighing under 1500g were cared for in 2012. A comparison was made with previous data published in 2006.

Material and methods: A descriptive observational cross-sectional study was performed using a survey with seven questions as in the 2006 questionnaire.

Results: The survey was sent to 27 units. The response rate was 81% in 2012 versus 96% in 2006. Noise control measures were introduced in 73% of units in 2012 versus 11% in 2006 (P<.01). The use of saccharose was 50% in 2012 versus 46% in 2006 (P=.6). Parents free entry was 82% in 2012 versus 11% in 2006 (P<.01). Kangaroo care was used without restriction by 82% in 2012 compared to 31% in 2006 (P<.01).

Conclusions: The implementation of the DC in Spain has improved. There is still room for improvement in areas, such as the use of saccharose or noise control. However, it is important to highlight the positive change that has occurred in relation to unrestricted parental visits.

Keywords: Analgesia no farmacológica; Breastfeeding; Dolor; Kangaroo care; Lactancia materna; Método canguro; NIDCAP; Neurodesarrollo; Neurodevelopmental; Non-pharmacological analgesia; Pain.

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