Goal directed fluid resuscitation decreases time for lactate clearance and facilitates early fascial closure in damage control surgery

Am J Surg. 2013 Dec;206(6):995-9; discussion 999-1000. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.07.021.


Background: Damage-control surgery frequently results in open abdomen. The objective of this study was to determine whether resuscitation with goal-directed fluid therapy (GDT) using "dynamic" hemodynamic indices via modern pulse contour analysis devices such as the FloTrac Vigileo monitor leads to lower fluid requirements, subsequent quicker abdominal closure, and overall improved outcomes in these patients.

Methods: Patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit with open abdomen were retrospectively reviewed. Those resuscitated with Vigileo-guided GDT were matched to those resuscitated by static clinical parameters.

Results: Total fluid intake and vasopressor requirements were similar in both groups. GDT with the Vigileo allowed earlier lactate clearance and reduced the number of days until abdominal wall closure by an average of .99 days.

Conclusions: Vigileo-mediated GDT did not affect fluid volume or vasopressor use in open abdomen patients, but facilitated more effective resuscitation and decreased the number of days to fascial closure, leading to shorter hospital stays. Vigileo-mediated GDT, therefore, may improve overall outcomes in open abdomen patients.

Keywords: Damage control surgery; Early abdominal wall closure; Early lactate clearance; Goal-directed therapy; Open abdomen; Vigileo.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Injuries / blood
  • Abdominal Injuries / surgery*
  • Fasciotomy*
  • Female
  • Fluid Therapy / methods*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Lactic Acid / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*
  • Resuscitation / methods*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Lactic Acid