Race-ethnicity and poverty after spinal cord injury

Spinal Cord. 2014 Feb;52(2):133-8. doi: 10.1038/sc.2013.147. Epub 2013 Dec 3.


Study design: Secondary analysis of existing data.

Objective: Our objective was to examine the relationship between race-ethnicity and poverty status after spinal cord injury (SCI).

Setting: A large specialty hospital in the southeastern United States.

Methods: Participants were 2043 adults with traumatic SCI in the US. Poverty status was measured using criteria from the US Census Bureau.

Results: Whereas only 14% of non-Hispanic White participants were below the poverty level, 41.3% of non-Hispanic Blacks were in poverty. Logistic regression with three different models identified several significant predictors of poverty, including marital status, years of education, level of education, age and employment status. Non-Hispanic Blacks had 2.75 greater odds of living in poverty after controlling for other factors, including education and employment.

Conclusion: We may need to consider quality of education and employment to better understand the elevated risk of poverty among non-Hispanic Blacks in the US.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Black or African American
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American
  • Male
  • Marital Status
  • Middle Aged
  • Poverty*
  • Racial Groups*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Southeastern United States
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / ethnology*
  • White People
  • Young Adult