Two functional domains in the phagocyte membrane glycoprotein Mo1 identified with monoclonal antibodies

J Immunol. 1986 Nov 15;137(10):3259-63.

Abstract

Granulocytes from patients genetically deficient in the leukocyte glycoprotein family, Mo1, LFA-1, and Leu-M5 (P150,94), have defective complement receptor type III (CR3) activity as well as abnormal adhesion-dependent functions such as spreading, chemotaxis, and phagocytosis. To determine the contribution of the Mo1 heterodimer deficiency to the various functional aberrations observed in deficient granulocytes, we mapped the functional domains of Mo1 using several monoclonal antibodies to this molecule. In addition to iC3b binding, two granulocyte adhesion functions were examined: Cell spreading on plastic coverslips and chemotaxis. One monoclonal antibody to Mo1, 44, inhibits all three functions. Other monoclonal antibodies (903, Leu-15, and OKM10) inhibit iC3b binding to granulocytes but have no effect on cell spreading and/or chemotaxis. Another antibody, 904, has no significant inhibition of iC3b binding but inhibits spreading on plastic and chemotaxis. These studies suggest the presence of two functional domains in Mo1: one involved in iC3b binding and the other in enhancing certain granulocyte adhesion-dependent functions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Membrane / immunology
  • Chemotaxis, Leukocyte
  • Epitopes
  • Granulocytes / immunology
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / immunology
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine / immunology
  • Phagocytes / immunology*
  • Phagocytosis
  • Receptors, Complement / immunology*
  • Receptors, Complement 3b

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Epitopes
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Complement
  • Receptors, Complement 3b
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine