New hydrophilicity scale derived from high-performance liquid chromatography peptide retention data: correlation of predicted surface residues with antigenicity and X-ray-derived accessible sites

Biochemistry. 1986 Sep 23;25(19):5425-32. doi: 10.1021/bi00367a013.


A new set of hydrophilicity high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) parameters is presented. These parameters were derived from the retention times of 20 model synthetic peptides, Ac-Gly-X-X-(Leu)3-(Lys)2-amide, where X was substituted with the 20 amino acids found in proteins. Since hydrophilicity parameters have been used extensively in algorithms to predict which amino acid residues are antigenic, we have compared the profiles generated by our new set of hydrophilic HPLC parameters on the same scale as nine other sets of parameters. Generally, it was found that the HPLC parameters obtained in this study correlated best with antigenicity. In addition, it was shown that a combination of the three best parameters for predicting antigenicity further improved the predictions. These predicted surface sites or, in other words, the hydrophilic, accessible, or mobile regions were then correlated to the known antigenic sites from immunological studies and accessible sites determined by X-ray crystallographic data for several proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods
  • Epitopes*
  • Peptides* / isolation & purification
  • Protein Conformation*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • X-Ray Diffraction


  • Amino Acids
  • Epitopes
  • Peptides