Cranial nerve assessment: a concise guide to clinical examination

Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):25-30. doi: 10.1002/ca.22336. Epub 2013 Dec 5.


Examination of the cranial nerves is an integral and important part of a complete neurological examination. Historically, these skills were crucial for diagnosing specific lesions. With the development of modern imaging modalities, the significance of clinical examination techniques has perhaps been undermined. The authors present an overview of each cranial nerve with a concise summary of examination techniques.

Keywords: cranial nerves; examination; neurological.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Cranial Nerves / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Physical Examination / methods*