Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by abnormal production of autoantibodies and proinflammatory cytokines. The clear pathogenesis of SLE has not been fully elucidated. Cytokine-mediated immunity has been showed to be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of cytokines (IL-19, IL-24, IL-26, IL-31, IL-32, IL-36) in SLE patients, in comparison with normal controls in a Chinese population.
Materials and methods: A total of 65 patients with SLE and 65 healthy volunteers were recruited for the current study. All serum levels of cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits.
Results: Serum levels of IL-19, IL-24, IL-26, IL-31, IL-32 and IL-36 in SLE patients were not significantly different from the normal controls (all p > 0.05).
Conclusion: Serum levels of IL-19, IL-24, IL-26, IL-31, IL-32 and IL-36 in SLE patients were not markedly different from the normal controls. However, functional research should be discussed in future studies to elucidate the roles of these cytokines in SLE.
Keywords: Autoantibodies; Genetic polymorphism; Interleukins; Lupus nephritis; Synovial membrane.