Public awareness survey about organ donation and transplantation

Transplant Proc. 2013;45(10):3469-71. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.08.095.

Abstract

Background: This survey was conducted to assess the public perception on organ donation and transplantation.

Methods: A random sample of the population attending the outpatient clinics in Dhahran Military Hospital, Saudi Arabia, from December 1, 2011, to January 31, 2012, answered a questionnaire related to the above aim.

Results: From 582 subjects who answered the questionnaire, 85 were excluded for incoherent answers. From the remaining 497, 77.7% were males and 22.3% females with the age ranging from 18 to 65 years, and the majority was at a secondary or university level of education. More than 90% were aware organ transplantation and donation. From a religious point of view, 68.6% considered it legal to donate organs versus 26.2%. Those who disagreed with the concept of donation believed that one kidney is not enough to survive (50%), and that the remaining kidney may be affected (25.8%), whereas 15.2% expressed fear of the operation. Kidney transplantation was the preferred treatment for 73.2% of respondents and 12.75% were in favor of dialysis. Regarding financial incentive, 14.5% asked for reward from the government, 3.4% believed that the reward should come from the donor, and the majority (82.1%) stated that organ donation should be for the sake of God. Finally, there was a 61.2% willingness of respondents to donate relatives' organs after brain death.

Conclusion: The level of awareness about donation and transplantation in our population was found to be satisfactory. Religion was not a bar for organ donation; moreover, financial incentive was not found to be a positive stimulus toward donation because the majority was willing to donate for the sake of God.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Altruism
  • Awareness*
  • Compensation and Redress
  • Fear
  • Female
  • Gift Giving
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Islam / psychology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Organ Transplantation* / adverse effects
  • Organ Transplantation* / economics
  • Organ Transplantation* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Perception
  • Public Opinion*
  • Religion and Medicine
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Third-Party Consent
  • Tissue Donors / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Tissue Donors / psychology*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement* / economics
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Young Adult