Magnetic resonance imaging of tumor glycolysis using hyperpolarized 13C-labeled glucose

Nat Med. 2014 Jan;20(1):93-7. doi: 10.1038/nm.3416. Epub 2013 Dec 8.


In this study, we monitored glycolysis in mouse lymphoma and lung tumors by measuring the conversion of hyperpolarized [U-2H, U-13C]glucose to lactate using 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy and spectroscopic imaging. We observed labeled lactate only in tumors and not in surrounding normal tissue or other tissues in the body and found that it was markedly decreased at 24 h after treatment with a chemotherapeutic drug. We also detected an increase in a resonance assigned to 6-phosphogluconate in the pentose phosphate pathway. This technique could provide a new way of detecting early evidence of tumor treatment response in the clinic and of monitoring tumor pentose phosphate pathway activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbon Isotopes / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glycolysis / physiology*
  • Lactic Acid / metabolism
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Lung Neoplasms / physiopathology*
  • Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • Lymphoma / physiopathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*
  • Mice
  • Pentose Phosphate Pathway / physiology


  • Carbon Isotopes
  • Lactic Acid
  • Glucose