Paternal regulation of seed development in wheat hybrids

Theor Appl Genet. 1978 Nov;51(6):265-70. doi: 10.1007/BF00274813.

Abstract

Diallel crosses among Triticum boeoticum (4 lines from different geographical areas), T.urartu, Aegilops squarrosa and Ae. speltoides exhibited reciprocal differences in hybrid seed morphology, endosperm development, and embryo viability. T. urartu and Ae. squarrosa as females with T. boeotiaum and Ae. speltoides lead to shrivelled inviable seed. T.boeoticum accessions as female with Ae.speltoides also lead to shrivelled seeds. The reciprocal crosses produced plump seeds which either resembled the maternal parent or showed size differences. By altering the endospermic genome ratios, hybrid seeds with 1 (PF)/1 (PM) showed extreme shrivelling whereas those with 4 (PF)/1 (PM) were medium shrivelled to plump. Genetic experiments involving hybrids of T. boeoticum, T. urartu and T. monococcum showed that a factor is present in pollen or male gametes, which shows dosage effect and which, by interacting with the maternal genome, leads to endosperm abortion.