Are we prepped for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP)? Provider opinions on the real-world use of PrEP in the United States and Canada

Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Mar;58(5):704-12. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit796. Epub 2013 Dec 6.


Background: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (Truvada) has demonstrated efficacy in placebo-controlled clinical trials involving men who have sex with men, high-risk heterosexuals, serodiscordant couples, and intravenous drug users. To assist in the real-world provision of PrEP, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released guidance documents for PrEP use.

Methods: Adult infectious disease physicians were surveyed about their opinions and current practices of PrEP through the Emerging Infections Network (EIN). Geographic information systems analysis was used to map out provider responses across the United States.

Results: Of 1175 EIN members across the country, 573 (48.8%) responded to the survey. A majority of clinicians supported PrEP but only 9% had actually provided it. Despite CDC guidance, PrEP practices were variable and clinicians reported many barriers to its real-world provision.

Conclusions: The majority of adult infectious disease physicians across the United States and Canada support PrEP but have vast differences of opinion and practice, despite the existence of CDC guidance documents. The success of real-world PrEP will likely require multifaceted programs addressing barriers to its provision and will be assisted with the development of comprehensive guidelines for real-world PrEP.

Keywords: HIV; PrEP; providers; survey.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Chemoprevention / methods
  • Chemoprevention / statistics & numerical data*
  • Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Deoxycytidine / therapeutic use
  • Disease Transmission, Infectious / prevention & control*
  • Drug Combinations
  • Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Organophosphorus Compounds / therapeutic use*
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis / methods*
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Drug Combinations
  • Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Deoxycytidine