Background & aims: Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a key transcription factor in the cellular response to hypoxia, and interleukin 8 (IL-8), a key mediator of angiogenesis, are important in cancerous tumour growth. In this study, we evaluated the effects of HIF-1α and IL-8 knockdown on angiogenesis and tumour growth in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Methods: Hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines were infected with adenoviruses expressing small-hairpin RNA (shRNA) specific for HIF-1α or IL-8, cultured under hypoxic conditions (1% O2), and examined for their levels of HIF-1α, IL-8, and angiogenesis factors using immunoblot. The effects of adenovirus-mediated shRNA-induced HIF-1α and IL-8 knockdown on tumour growth and angiogenesis were also investigated in a subcutaneous Hep3B-tumour mouse model.
Results: Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α knockdown directly repressed tumour growth, whereas IL-8 knockdown indirectly repressed tumour growth. Combined knockdown of HIF-1α and IL-8 increased survival rates of mice. HIF-1α and IL-8 knockdown also decreased microvessel density and tumour volume in vivo. Similarly, HIF-1α and IL-8 knockdown inhibited the angiogenic effects of HCC cell-conditioned media on tube formation and invasion by endothelial cells in vitro.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that shRNA-induced HIF-1α and IL-8 knockdown inhibit angiogenesis and tumour growth in HCC. Further development of HIF-1α and IL-8 shRNA technologies could lead to effective therapies for HCC.
Keywords: angiogenesis; hepatocellular carcinoma; hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha; interleukin-8; tumour xenograft.
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.