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Practice Guideline
, 21 (1), 53-62

[Update on the Management of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Proposed Guidelines of Grand Ouest University Hospitals]

[Article in French]
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Practice Guideline

[Update on the Management of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Proposed Guidelines of Grand Ouest University Hospitals]

[Article in French]
M Verstraete et al. Arch Pediatr.

Abstract

Background and objectives: While our European and North American colleagues have recently updated their recommendations, the 2000 Consensus Conference remains the main guideline on management of acute viral bronchiolitis in France. We aimed to establish an updated inter-regional protocol on management of acute viral bronchiolitis in infants.

Method: Pediatricians, pediatric pulmonologists, and emergency physicians of the Grand Ouest University Hospitals (France) gathered to analyze the recent data from the literature.

Results: Criteria to distinguish childhood asthma from acute viral bronchiolitis were established, then prescriptions of diagnostic tests, antibiotics, and chest physiotherapy were defined and reserved for very limited situations. Similarly, the modalities of oxygen therapy prescription and nutritional support were proposed. Finally, other therapeutics such as nebulized hypertonic saline seem promising, but their place in the treatment of acute bronchiolitis in infants remains unclear.

Conclusion: This work has provided new proposals for management of acute viral bronchiolitis and helped standardize practices within the Grand Ouest University Hospitals. This local organization could lay the keystone for working toward guidelines initiated by learned societies at the national level.

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