Background: Renal replacement therapy is rapidly expanding in China, and two-times weekly dialysis is common, but detailed data on practice patterns are currently limited. Using cross-sectional data from the China Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS), we describe the hemodialysis practice in China compared with other DOPPS countries, examining demographic, social and clinical characteristics of patients on two-times weekly dialysis.
Methods: The DOPPS protocol was implemented in 2011 among a cross-section of 1379 patients in 45 facilities in Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. Data from China were compared with a cross section of 11 054 patients from the core DOPPS countries (collected 2009-11). Among China DOPPS patients, logistic and linear regression were used to describe the association of dialysis frequency with patient and treatment characteristics and quality of life.
Results: A total of 26% of the patients in China were dialyzing two times weekly, compared with < 5% in other DOPPS regions. Standardized Kt/V was lowest in China (2.01) compared with other regions (2.12-2.27). Female sex, shorter dialysis vintage, lower socioeconomic status, less health insurance coverage, and lack of diabetes and hypertension were associated with dialyzing two times weekly (versus three times weekly). Patients dialyzing two times per week had longer treatment times and lower standardized Kt/V, but similar quality of life scores.
Conclusions: Two-times weekly dialysis is common in China, particularly among patients, who started dialysis more recently, have a lower comorbidity burden and have financial constraints. Quality of life scores do not differ between the two-times and three-times weekly groups. The effect on clinical outcomes merits further study.
Keywords: hemodialysis adequacy; hemodialysis frequency; outcomes; practice patterns; quality of life.
© The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.