Background: The graft choice for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is controversial. Hamstring tendon (HT) autografts and patellar tendon (PT) autografts are the most common grafts used and have shown similar subjective and objective outcomes.
Purpose: To compare the revision rate between HT and PT autografts used in ACLR in Norway and to estimate the influence of patient age and sex.
Study design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.
Methods: The study included all patients who underwent primary ACLR without concomitant ligament injuries registered in the Norwegian Knee Ligament Registry from 2004 through 2012. The cohort was stratified by age group (15-19, 20-29, and ≥30 years) and autograft type (HT or PT). Revision rates at 1, 2, and 5 years were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier analysis, and hazard ratios (HRs) for revision were calculated using multivariate Cox regression models.
Results: With a mean follow-up of 4.0 years, 12,643 primary ACLRs were identified, with 3428 PT and 9215 HT grafts, among which 69 revisions with PT grafts and 362 revisions with HT grafts were performed. The overall 5-year revision rate was 4.2%. A higher revision rate was recorded for HT versus PT grafts at all follow-up times. When adjusted for sex, age, and type of graft, the HR for revision was 2.3 (95% CI, 1.8-3.0) for HT grafts compared with PT grafts. The HR for revision in the youngest age group was 4.0 (95% CI, 3.1-5.2) compared with the oldest age group. Sex had no effect on the revision rate.
Conclusion: Patients with HT grafts had twice the risk of revision compared with patients with PT grafts. Younger age was the most important risk factor for revision, and no effect was seen for sex. Further studies should be conducted to identify the cause of the increased revision rate found for HT grafts.
Keywords: ACL; graft; hamstring tendon; patellar tendon; reconstruction; revision.