Management of acute confusion in patients with CNS infections

Nurs Stand. 2013 Dec 11-17;28(15):49-58. doi: 10.7748/ns2013.


This article discusses the management of acute confusion and aggression in patients with infections of the central nervous system (CNS). The issues discussed are applicable to the management of acute confusion of any cause and the principles of care apply to all confused patients. The article addresses many of the challenges encountered by nurses caring for confused patients, including the recognition of acute confusion, use of screening tools, and the management and treatment of these patients.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease / nursing
  • Adult
  • Aggression*
  • Central Nervous System Infections / complications
  • Central Nervous System Infections / diagnosis*
  • Central Nervous System Infections / nursing*
  • Confusion / etiology
  • Confusion / nursing*
  • Curriculum
  • Delirium / etiology
  • Delirium / nursing*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / education*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • United Kingdom