The ICF Core Sets for hearing loss: researcher perspective, Part II: Linking outcome measures to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)

Int J Audiol. 2014 Feb;53(2):77-87. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2013.858279. Epub 2013 Dec 13.


Objective: To link outcome measures used in audiological research to the ICF classification and thereby describe audiological research from the ICF perspective.

Design: Through a peer-reviewed or a joint linking procedure, link outcome measures to the ICF classification system using standardized ICF linking rules. Additional linking rules were developed in combination with the established rules to overcome difficulties when connecting audiological data to ICF. Absolute and relative frequencies of ICF categories were reported.

Study sample: The identified outcome measures from the previous study (Part I) constituted the empirical material.

Results: In total, 285 ICF categories were identified. The most prevalent categories were related to listening, hearing functions, auditory perceptions, emotions and the physical environment, such as noise and hearing aids. Categories related to communication showed lower relative frequencies, as did categories related to the social and attitudinal environment.

Conclusions: Based on the linked outcome measures, communication as a research topic is subordinated to other research topics. The same conclusion can be drawn for research targeting the social and attitudinal environment of adults with HL. Difficulties in the linking procedure were highlighted and discussed, and suggestions for future revisions of the ICF from the audiological perspective were described.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Adult
  • Audiology / methods*
  • Audiometry, Speech
  • Auditory Pathways / physiopathology*
  • Biomedical Research*
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Health Status
  • Hearing Loss / classification
  • Hearing Loss / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Loss / physiopathology
  • Hearing Loss / psychology
  • Hearing*
  • Humans
  • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health*
  • Language
  • Noise / adverse effects
  • Perceptual Masking
  • Persons With Hearing Impairments* / classification
  • Persons With Hearing Impairments* / psychology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Recognition, Psychology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Speech Perception
  • Surveys and Questionnaires