Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) are a family of rare mesenchymal neoplasms, including angiomyolipoma, clear-cell "sugar" tumor of the lung and extrapulmonary sites, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, clear-cell myomelanocytic tumor of the falciform ligament/ligamentum teres, and clear-cell tumors at various other anatomic sites. These tumors are characterized by a proliferation of epithelioid cells with clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm, perivascular distribution, and coexpression of myogenic and melanocytic markers. PEComas show a female predominance, occur with some frequency in the gynecological tract, and have an unpredictable biological behavior. We report a case of a huge malignant PEComa arising from the uterine cervix and vagina. To the best of our knowledge, only 6 cases of PEComa in the cervix and 2 cases in the vagina have been reported in the literature.
Keywords: Malignant behavior; Myomelanocytic tumor; PEComa; Uterine tumor.
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