Background: End stage renal disease (ESRD), is the most severe complication of diabetes mellitus. This population-based study analysed time trends for start of renal replacement therapy (RRT) due to type 1 diabetes compared to type 2 diabetes and other diagnoses.
Material and methods: We used data on patients who were registered 1995-2010 in the Swedish Renal Registry, a nationwide register covering 95 % of all patients with uraemia. The patients were analysed according to their original kidney disease. The incidence was analysed by calendar year, age at start of RRT and gender.
Results: Of 17389 patients who were registered, 1833 had type 1 diabetes; 65% were men. The mean age at onset of RRT for patients with type 1 diabetes was 52.8 years which increased by more than 3 years over the studied period. The number of patients in need of RRT due to type 1 diabetes decreased, while RRT due to type 2 diabetes increased during the period studied.
Conclusions: The overall incidence of RRT in Sweden is rather constant over the years but the need for RRT in type 1 diabetes patients decreased and patients with type 1 diabetes tend to become older at onset of RRT.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Incidence; Nephropathy; Renal replacement therapy.