Patients with refractory asthma frequently have neutrophilic airway inflammation and respond poorly to inhaled corticosteroids. This study evaluated the effects of an oral 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor, GSK2190915, in patients with asthma and elevated sputum neutrophils. Patients received 14 (range 13-16) days treatment with GSK2190915 100 mg and placebo with a minimum 14 day washout in a double-blind, cross-over, randomised design (N = 14). Sputum induction was performed twice pre-dose in each treatment period to confirm sputum neutrophilia, and twice at the end of each treatment period. The primary endpoint was the percentage and absolute sputum neutrophil count, averaged for end-of-treatment visits. GSK2190915 did not significantly reduce mean percentage sputum neutrophils (GSK2190915-placebo difference [95% CI]: -0.9 [-12.0, 10.3]), or mean sputum neutrophil counts (GSK2190915/placebo ratio [95% CI]: 1.06 [0.43, 2.61]). GSK2190915 resulted in a marked suppression (>90%) of sputum LTB4 and urine LTE4, but did not alter clinical endpoints. There were no safety issues. Despite suppressing the target mediator LTB4, FLAP inhibitor GSK2190915 had no short-term effect on sputum cell counts or clinical endpoints in patients with asthma and sputum neutrophilia.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01471665.
Keywords: 5-Lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor; Asthma; GSK2190915; Sputum neutrophilia.
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