Loss of ARID1A expression and its relationship with PI3K-Akt pathway alterations and ZNF217 amplification in ovarian clear cell carcinoma

Mod Pathol. 2014 Jul;27(7):983-90. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.2013.216. Epub 2013 Dec 13.


AT-rich interactive domain 1A (ARID1A) is a subunit of switch/sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex. Recently, alterations of ARID1A gene, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) pathway and zinc-finger protein 217 (ZNF217) gene have been identified as frequent molecular genetic changes in ovarian clear cell carcinoma. The relationships between these events have not been studied and integrated in the same cohort. This study was aimed at determining the correlation between these molecular events and other clinicopathological factors, including the prognostic impacts of these clinicopathological factors. A total of 68 ovarian clear cell carcinoma cases were collected and subjected to immunohistochemistry testing for ARID1A, SMARCA2, SMARCA4, SMARCB1 and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), mutation analysis for phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) gene and fluorescence in situ hybridization for ZNF217 amplification. The correlations between ARID1A expression, PI3K-Akt pathway, ZNF217 amplification and other clinicopathological factors were analyzed. Loss of ARID1A expression was present in 35 cases (52%) and loss of SMARCA2 expression occurred in 1 case. SMARCA4 and SMARCB1 expressions were preserved in all cases. PIK3CA mutations were present in 23 cases (34%) and loss of PTEN expression occurred in 8 cases (12%). Alterations in the PI3K-Akt pathway (PIK3CA mutations or loss of PTEN expression) were found in 42 cases (62%). ZNF217 amplification was detected in 21 cases (31%). Loss of ARID1A expression was significantly related to younger patient age (P=0.048), PI3K-Akt pathway activation (P=0.046) and ZNF217 amplification (P=0.028). All of the clinicopathological factors were not prognostic factors for ovarian clear cell carcinoma after multivariate analysis, except International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging (P=0.001). Our results showed that loss of ARID1A expression usually coexisted with PI3K-Akt pathway activation and/or ZNF217 amplification. Synergic effects of loss of ARID1A and PI3K-Akt pathway activation as well as ZNF217 amplification may be related to the development of ovarian clear cell carcinoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • DNA Helicases / genetics
  • DNA Helicases / metabolism
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Female
  • Gene Amplification
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism*
  • Prognosis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / genetics
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • ARID1A protein, human
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • SMARCA2 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • ZNF217 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • SMARCA4 protein, human
  • DNA Helicases