the Eutt enzyme of Salmonella enterica is a unique ATP:Cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase metalloprotein that requires ferrous ions for maximal activity

J Bacteriol. 2014 Feb;196(4):903-10. doi: 10.1128/JB.01304-13. Epub 2013 Dec 13.


ATP:co(I)rrinoid adenosyltransferase (ACAT) enzymes convert vitamin B12 to coenzyme B12. EutT is the least understood ACAT. We report the purification of EutT to homogeneity and show that, in vitro, free dihydroflavins drive the adenosylation of cob(II)alamin bound to EutT. Results of chromatography analyses indicate that EutT is dimeric in solution, and unlike other ACATs, EutT catalyzes the reaction with sigmoidal kinetics indicative of positive cooperativity for cob(II)alamin. Maximal EutT activity was obtained after metalation with ferrous ions. EutT/Fe(II) protein lost all activity upon exposure to air and H2O2, consistent with previously reported results indicating that EutT was an oxygen-labile metalloprotein containing a redox-active metal. Results of in vivo and in vitro analyses of single-amino-acid variants affecting a HX11CCXXC(83) motif conserved in EutT proteins showed that residues His67, Cys80, and Cys83 were required for EutT function in vivo, while Cys79 was not. Unlike that of other variants, the activity of the EutT(C80A) variant was undetectable in vitro, suggesting that Cys80 was critical to EutT function. Results of circular dichroism studies indicate that the presence or absence of a metal ion does not affect protein folding. EutT can now be purified in the presence of oxygen and reactivated with ferrous ions for maximal activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Alkyl and Aryl Transferases / genetics
  • Alkyl and Aryl Transferases / isolation & purification
  • Alkyl and Aryl Transferases / metabolism*
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Coenzymes / metabolism*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Ferrous Compounds / metabolism*
  • Ions / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Metalloproteins / genetics
  • Metalloproteins / isolation & purification
  • Metalloproteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Multimerization
  • Salmonella enterica / enzymology*
  • Salmonella enterica / genetics


  • Coenzymes
  • Ferrous Compounds
  • Ions
  • Metalloproteins
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Alkyl and Aryl Transferases
  • cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase