Functional characterization of junctional terminal cisternae from mammalian fast skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum

Biochemistry. 1986 Dec 16;25(25):8315-24. doi: 10.1021/bi00373a028.


Junctional terminal cisternae are a recently isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction containing two types of membranes, the junctional face membrane with morphologically intact "feet" structures and the calcium pump membrane [Saito, A., Seiler, S., Chu, A., & Fleischer, S. (1984) J. Cell Biol. 99, 875-885]. In this study, the Ca2+ fluxes of junctional terminal cisternae are characterized and compared with three other well-defined fractions derived from the sarcotubular system of fast-twitch skeletal muscle, including light and heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum, corresponding to longitudinal and terminal cisternae regions of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and isolated triads. Functionally, junctional terminal cisternae have low net energized Ca2+ transport measured in the presence or absence of a Ca2+-trapping anion, as compared to light and heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum and triads. Ca2+ transport and Ca2+ pumping efficiency can be restored to values similar to those of light sarcoplasmic reticulum with ruthenium red or high [Mg2+]. In contrast to junctional terminal cisternae, heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum and triads have higher Ca2+ transport and are stimulated less by ruthenium red. Heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum appears to be derived from the nonjunctional portion of the terminal cisternae. Our studies indicate that the decreased Ca2+ transport is referable to the enhanced permeability to Ca2+, reflecting the predominant localization of Ca2+ release channels in junctional terminal cisternae. This conclusion is based on the following observations: The Ca2+, -Mg2+ -dependent ATPase activity of junctional terminal cisternae in the presence of a Ca2+ ionophore is comparable to that of light sarcoplasmic reticulum when normalized for the calcium pump protein content; i.e., the enhanced Ca2+ transport cannot be explained by a faster turnover of the pump. Ruthenium red or elevated [Mg2+] enhances energized Ca2+ transport and Ca2+ pumping efficiency in junctional terminal cisternae so that values approaching those of light sarcoplasmic reticulum are obtained. Rapid Ca2+ efflux in junctional terminal cisternae can be directly measured and is blocked by ruthenium red or high [Mg2+]. Ryanodine at pharmacologically significant concentrations blocks the ruthenium red stimulation of Ca2+ loading. Ryanodine binding in junctional terminal cisternae, which appears to titrate Ca2+ release channels, is 2 orders of magnitude lower than the concentration of the calcium pump protein. By contrast, light sarcoplasmic reticulum has a high Ca2+ loading rate and slow Ca2+ efflux that are not modulated by ruthenium red, ryanodine, or Mg2+.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Intracellular Membranes / drug effects
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism*
  • Intracellular Membranes / ultrastructure
  • Kinetics
  • Magnesium / metabolism
  • Magnesium / pharmacology
  • Muscles / metabolism*
  • Muscles / ultrastructure
  • Rabbits
  • Ruthenium Red / pharmacology
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum / ultrastructure


  • Ruthenium Red
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium