Nutrition and health: different forms of diet and their relationship with various health parameters among Austrian adults

Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2014 Feb;126(3-4):113-8. doi: 10.1007/s00508-013-0483-3. Epub 2013 Dec 17.


Population-based studies report a beneficial health effect and a lower mortality rate for diets rich in fruits and vegetables. Therefore, the aim of our study was to analyze differences between various forms of diet and health-related variables. The sample for this study was taken from the Austrian Health Interview Survey 2006/07 (N = 15,474). Multivariate analyses of variance adjusted by sex, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) were conducted to examine health-related behavior, health, and quality of life depending on different forms of diet. Additionally, differences in the SES and body mass index (BMI) were analyzed. Our results show that a vegetarian diet is associated with a better health-related behavior, a lower BMI, and a higher SES. Subjects eating a carnivorous diet less rich in meat self-report poorer health, a higher number of chronic conditions, an enhanced vascular risk, as well as lower quality of life. In conclusion, our results have shown that consuming a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is associated with better health and health-related behavior. Therefore, public health programs are needed for reducing the health risks associated with a carnivorous diet.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Austria / epidemiology
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Status
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Social Class
  • Young Adult