Resveratrol in peanuts

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2014;54(6):734-70. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2011.606928.


Peanuts are important dietary food source of resveratrol with potent antioxidant properties implicated in reducing risk of cancer, cardiovascular and Alzheimer's disease, and delaying aging. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring stilbene phytoalexin phenolic compound produced in response to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. This paper is a review of trans-resveratrol and related stilbenes from peanuts--their chemical structures, mechanisms for their biosynthesis, and concentrations in comparison with other major food sources. It will also discuss trans-resveratrol's absorption, bioavailability, and major health benefits; processes to enhance their biosynthesis in peanuts by biotic and abiotic stresses; process optimization for enhanced levels in peanuts and their potential food applications; and methods used for its extraction and analysis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease / prevention & control
  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacokinetics
  • Arachis / chemistry*
  • Biological Availability
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Diet
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes / analysis*
  • Stilbenes / pharmacokinetics


  • Antioxidants
  • Stilbenes
  • Resveratrol