Introducing a multifaceted exercise intervention particular to older adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease: a preliminary study

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2014 Aug;26(4):403-9. doi: 10.1007/s40520-013-0189-4. Epub 2013 Dec 18.

Abstract

Background and aim: With a substantial increase in diagnosed Parkinson's disease, it is of great importance to examine tolerance and physical measures of evolving exercise interventions. Of particular importance, a multifaceted exercise intervention combining active-assisted cycling and resistance training to older adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease is being assessed.

Methods: Fourteen older adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease and ten healthy older adults (67.5 ± 7.9 years of age) engaged in an 8-week, 24-session, multifaceted exercise protocol. The protocol consisted of both active-assisted cycling and resistance training. Tolerance was measured, as well as multiple indicators of health-related physical fitness. These indicators examined improvements in cardiovascular performance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility.

Results: Twenty-two older adults and older adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease tolerated the intervention by completing all 24 sessions. Repeated-measures analysis of variance demonstrated significant (P ≤ 0.003) improvements in cardiovascular performance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility for both groups of individuals.

Discussion and conclusion: The multifaceted intervention is the first to combine both active-assisted cycling and resistance training. The older adult and the older adult diagnosed with Parkinson's disease exhibited both tolerance and health-related improvements in physical fitness following the intervention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength / physiology
  • Parkinson Disease / physiopathology*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Resistance Training / methods