Introduction: The changes in medical licensing regulations introduced in Germany in 2012 require the development of specific catalogues, termed logbooks, that define the practical skills medical students should acquire in different specialties. In conjunction with another change in medical education, which allows medical students to freely select any German university hospital or academic teaching hospital for their one-year internship, these catalogues are a prerequisite for ensuring comparable training standards throughout Germany. The German licensing regulations provide no details regarding the contents or form of the logbooks but only mention a "training programme" in very general terms. A logbook is commonly understood to define clear learning objectives to be accomplished during a specified interval (4 months). The conference of German medical faculties proposed a basic logbook for compulsory training modules (surgery and internal medicine) that is intended to serve as a model (formally and contentwise) for those who develop similar catalogues for elective training modules. Here we present our logbook for an elective training module in orthopaedic surgery and traumatology.
Material and method: The logbook presented here is based on the catalogue of learning outcomes in orthopaedic surgery and traumatology developed by an expert board of the medical teaching study group of the German Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (DGOU) in 2011. The objectives defined for the one-year internship are of necessity divided into orthopaedic surgery and traumatology skills that must be acquired by all medical students and those that are optional (compulsory and elective modules). Using a set of predefined criteria, the authors developed the catalogue of learning outcomes (logbook) presented here. The catalogue outlines the competencies to be acquired in an elective orthopaedic surgery and traumatology module, leaving it to each medical faculty to work out the details. Where applicable, comprehensive skills across a number of (compulsory and elective modules) learning objectives are arranged in such a way that they can be taught at different levels of complexity.
Results: The logbook covers 15 skill domains from different specific components of orthopaedic surgery and traumatology. Where these skills overlap with those also required in compulsory modules (e.g., surgery), the required level of complexity may be lower for students in the elective module. The text is supplemented by figures with synopses of the major issues and summaries for easy reference.
Conclusion: With the recent changes in German licensing regulations for physicians, it has become necessary to set up a logbook of uniform learning outcomes to assist medical students and their teachers alike. The authors have developed such a logbook of elective training modules in orthopaedic surgery and traumatology to be taught during the one-year undergraduate internship of German medical students.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.