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, 79 (5), 509-13

Surgical Treatment Outcome for Open Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in Children

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  • PMID: 24350510

Surgical Treatment Outcome for Open Supracondylar Humerus Fractures in Children

Emin Ozkul et al. Acta Orthop Belg.

Abstract

Although numerous studies have been conducted on supracondylar humerus fractures in children, there is only a limited number of studies regarding the outcome of open fractures. In this study, the early and late outcome of open supracondylar humerus fractures in children were evaluated. The outcome in 26 children (19 males, 7 females) treated for open supracondylar humerus fractures was evaluated retrospectively. The mean age was 73 years (range: 4 to 14) and the mean follow-up period was 43 years (range: 2-8). According to the Gustilo-Anderson classification, 18 patients (69%) had type 1 and 8 patients (31%) type 2 open fractures. Nine patients (34%) presented with a nerve injury. Distal pulses could not be detected in four patients (15%). Functional outcomes were evaluated according to the scoring criteria by Flynn et al. Pin tract infection developed in one patient (3%). Artery repair via an anterior approach was performed in one patient. In nine patients with neurological symptoms, nerve functions were restored within three to six months. The mean union time was six weeks (5-8 weeks). According to the scoring criteria by Flynn et al, an excellent outcome was achieved in 23 patients, and a successful outcome in 3 patients. According to these findings, although vascular and nerve injuries frequently accompany open supracondylar humerus fractures in children, the late radiological and functional outcome was as good as in closed fractures.

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