Workers' Knowledge and Beliefs About Cardiometabolic Health Risk

J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Jan;56(1):92-100. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000041.

Abstract

Objective: Investigate workers' knowledge and beliefs about cardiometabolic risk.

Methods: A survey on the risks of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease was disseminated among Dutch construction workers and employees from the general working population.

Results: We had 482 respondents (26.8%) among construction workers and 738 respondents (65.1%) among the general working population. Employees showed reasonable basic knowledge, especially about cardiovascular disease risk factors and risk reduction. Nevertheless, they also had knowledge gaps (eg, specific dietary intake) and showed misconceptions of what elevated risk entails. Employees having lower education, being male, and having lower health literacy demonstrated less adequate knowledge and beliefs.

Conclusion: To improve the potential effect of health risk assessments in the occupational setting, physicians should explain what it means to be at elevated cardiometabolic risk and target their messages to employee subgroups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Construction Industry
  • Diabetes Mellitus / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / prevention & control*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Literacy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Occupational Health
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / etiology
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / prevention & control*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Sex Factors
  • Young Adult