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Review
, 28 (3), 265-74

Bacteriophage Polysaccharide Depolymerases and Biomedical Applications

Review

Bacteriophage Polysaccharide Depolymerases and Biomedical Applications

Jianlong Yan et al. BioDrugs.

Erratum in

  • BioDrugs. 2014 Jun;28(3):323. Mao, Jiaoxiao [corrected to Mao, Jinxiao]

Abstract

Polysaccharide depolymerase, a polysaccharide hydrolase encoded by bacteriophages (or 'phages'), can specifically degrade the macromolecule carbohydrates of the host bacterial envelope. This enzyme assists the bacteriophage in adsorbing, invading, and disintegrating the host bacteria. Polysaccharide depolymerase activity continues even within biofilms. This effectiveness means phages are promising candidates for novel antibiotic scaffolds. A comprehensive compendium of bacteriophage polysaccharide depolymerases has been compiled, together with their potential biomedical applications, such as novel antibiotics, adjuvants for antibiotics, bacterial biofilm disruptants, and diagnostic kits.

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