Molecular analyses of novel ASAH1 mutations causing Farber lipogranulomatosis: analyses of exonic splicing enhancer inactivating mutation

Clin Genet. 2014 Dec;86(6):530-8. doi: 10.1111/cge.12316. Epub 2013 Dec 20.


Farber lipogranulomatosis is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the ASAH1 gene. In the largest ever study, we identified and characterized ASAH1 mutations from 11 independent Farber disease (FD) families. A total of 13 different mutations were identified including 1 splice, 1 polypyrimidine tract (PPT) deletion and 11 missense mutations. Eleven mutations were exclusive to the Indian population. The IVS6+4A>G splice and IVS5-16delTTTTC PPT deletion mutations resulted in skipping of exon 6 precluding thereby the region responsible for cleavage of enzyme precursor. A missense mutation (p.V198A) resulted in skipping of exon 8 due to inactivation of an exonic splicing enhancer (ESE) element. This is the first report of mutations affecting PPT and ESE in the ASAH1 gene resulting in FD.

Keywords: 5′ splice site; ASAH1; Farber disease; acid ceramidase; exon skipping; exonic splicing enhancer; polypyrimidine tract.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acid Ceramidase / genetics*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Exons
  • Farber Lipogranulomatosis / genetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mutation*
  • RNA Splicing


  • ASAH1 protein, human
  • Acid Ceramidase