Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the impact of Coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS) sepsis in preterm infants on the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 30 to 42 months corrected age (CA).
Study design: This is a retrospective cohort study. All preterm infants born at <29 weeks gestational age between 1995 and 2008 and had a neurodevelopmetnal assessment at 30 to 42 months CA were eligible. The neurodevelopmetnal outcomes of infants exposed to CoNS sepsis were compared with infants unexposed to any type of neonatal sepsis.
Result: A total of 105 eligible infants who were exposed to CoNS sepsis were compared with 227 infants with no neonatal sepsis. In univariate analysis, infants with CoNS sepsis were more likely to have total major disability (odds ratio (OR)=1.9; 95% CI: 1.07 to 3.38) and cognitive delay (OR=2.53; 1.26 to 5.14).There was no significant difference in the incidence of cerebral palsy, blindness and deafness between the two groups. After correcting for potential confounders, CoNS sepsis was associated with increased risk of cognitive delay (adjusted odds ratio (aOR)= 2.23; 95% CI 1.01 to 4.9), but not with the total major disability (aOR=1.14; 95% CI: 0.55 to 2.34).
Conclusion: Our study suggests that CoNS sepsis in preterm infants might be associated with increased risk for cognitive delay at 36 months CA.