Prevalence of male pelvic dysfunction: results from the Turkish society of andrology male sexual health study group

Andrology. 2014 Mar;2(2):219-24. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-2927.2013.00176.x. Epub 2013 Dec 19.


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of male pelvic dysfunction (MPD) and its correlation in men ≥40 years of age in a population-based study. This study was designed as a non-interventional, observational, cross-sectional field survey. Participating males of ≥40 years were randomly selected from 19 provinces of Turkey. All participants were asked to complete a survey including data regarding demographics, socio-economic status, socio-cultural factors, medical and sexual history, current medications, comorbidities and three validated questionnaires assessing lower urinary tract symptoms (International Prostate Symptom Score), erectile dysfunction (International Index of Erectile Function) and ejaculatory behaviour (Male Sexual Health Questionnaire-4). MPD was defined by combining abnormal scores calculated from all three questionnaires. All data were analysed statistically and p < 0.05 was accepted as significant. A total of 2730 males of ≥40 years (mean, 54.2 ± 10.6 years) were enrolled in this study. The prevalence of MPD was calculated as 24.4% among all participants. The prevalence of MPD was lowest at age between 40 and 49 years (9.1%) and highest at ≥70 years (76.6%), exhibiting correlation with age. Each decade of increase in age was associated with a 3.4-fold increase in presence of MPD. At logistic regression analyses; age, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, obesity and lower income were found to be independent predictors for increased prevalence of MPD. This study reports prevalence of MPD as 24.4% in males of ≥40 years. Furthermore, age was found to be the main independent predictor of having MPD.

Keywords: benign prostatic hyperplasia; ejaculatory dysfunction; erectile dysfunction; lower urinary tract symptoms; male pelvic dysfunction; men's health.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Causality
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Dyslipidemias
  • Ejaculation / physiology
  • Erectile Dysfunction / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension
  • Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity
  • Pelvis / pathology*
  • Poverty
  • Premature Ejaculation / epidemiology*
  • Reproductive Health
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey