Leukemia and lymphoma are hematologic malignancies that can affect any age group. Disease can be aggressive or indolent, often with multiorgan system involvement. Kidney involvement in leukemia and lymphoma can be quite extensive. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is quite prevalent in these patients, with prerenal and acute tubular necrosis being the most common etiologies. However other prerenal, intrinsic, and obstructive etiologies are possible. AKI can be a direct effect of the malignancy, a complication of the malignancy, or the consequence or side effect of chemotherapy. Nephrotic syndrome and glomerulonephritis, often presenting without overt kidney failure, have also been seen in all forms of leukemia and lymphoma. Lastly, the direct effects of the malignancy and complications from the tumor often result in numerous electrolyte disturbances and acid-base disorders, with life-threatening consequences if left untreated.
Keywords: Acute kidney injury; Glomerulonephritis; Leukemia; Lymphoma; Nephrotic syndrome.
Copyright © 2014 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.