Thoughtful decision-making in a patient with cancer and kidney disease requires a comprehensive discussion of prognosis and therapy options for both conditions framed by the individual's preferences and goals of care. An estimate of overall prognosis is generated that includes the patient's clinical presentation and parameters associated with adverse outcomes, such as age, performance status, frailty, malnutrition, and comorbidities. Empathic communication of this information using a shared decision-making approach can lead to an informed decision that respects patient autonomy and is consistent with the patient's "big-picture" goals and personal values.
Keywords: Dialysis; Onconephrology; Palliative care; Prognosis; Shared decision-making.
Copyright © 2014 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.