Expression of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and its receptor in the rat major salivary glands

Acta Histochem. 2014 May;116(4):545-50. doi: 10.1016/j.acthis.2013.11.007. Epub 2013 Dec 19.


Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptors (GIPR) are expressed throughout the body. The expression of its ligand, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) however, has only been reported in a limited numbers of organs. Although the rat submandibular salivary gland (SMG) has been found to express GIP, its biological role is still not understood. Moreover, nothing is known about the expression of GIP in other types of salivary glands, i.e. the parotid (PG) and sublingual (SLG) glands. We detected the expression of GIP mRNA in the rat PG, SMG and SLG. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that GIP and GIPR were expressed only in the ductal area of all types of major salivary glands, and no immunostaining was found in the acini area. We also found GIP expression in the rat SMG to be age dependent, with 8-week-old rats showing 2-3-fold higher than those of 9- and 11-week-old rats, respectively. This is the first study to indicate both GIP and GIPR expression in the rat major salivary glands, as well as its variation in the rat SMG during the growth period. These findings are crucial for a better understanding of the physiological function of GIP in rat major salivary gland.

Keywords: Expression; Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide; Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor; Major salivary gland; Rat.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide / metabolism*
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Male
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone / metabolism*
  • Salivary Glands / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
  • gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor
  • Glucose