Cohesinopathies of a feather flock together

PLoS Genet. 2013;9(12):e1004036. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004036. Epub 2013 Dec 19.

Abstract

Roberts Syndrome (RBS) and Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) are severe developmental maladies that present with nearly an identical suite of multi-spectrum birth defects. Not surprisingly, RBS and CdLS arise from mutations within a single pathway--here involving cohesion. Sister chromatid tethering reactions that comprise cohesion are required for high fidelity chromosome segregation, but cohesin tethers also regulate gene transcription, promote DNA repair, and impact DNA replication. Currently, RBS is thought to arise from elevated levels of apoptosis, mitotic failure, and limited progenitor cell proliferation, while CdLS is thought to arise, instead, from transcription dysregulation. Here, we review new information that implicates RBS gene mutations in altered transcription profiles. We propose that cohesin-dependent transcription dysregulation may extend to other developmental maladies; the diagnoses of which are complicated through multi-functional proteins that manifest a sliding scale of diverse and severe phenotypes. We further review evidence that cohesinopathies are more common than currently posited.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics*
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism
  • Chromosome Segregation / genetics*
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / genetics*
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / pathology
  • De Lange Syndrome / genetics*
  • De Lange Syndrome / pathology
  • Ectromelia / genetics*
  • Ectromelia / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hypertelorism / genetics*
  • Hypertelorism / pathology
  • Metabolic Networks and Pathways / genetics
  • Mutation

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • cohesins

Supplementary concepts

  • Roberts Syndrome