Current trends in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Knee Surg Relat Res. 2013 Dec;25(4):165-73. doi: 10.5792/ksrr.2013.25.4.165. Epub 2013 Nov 29.


The advances in the knowledge of anatomy, surgical techniques, and fixation devices have led to the improvement of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction over the past 10 years. Nowadays, double bundle and anatomical single bundle ACL reconstruction that more closely restores the normal anatomy of the ACL are becoming popular. Although there is still no definite conclusion whether double bundle ACL reconstruction provides better clinical results than single bundle reconstruction, the trend has shifted to anatomic reconstruction regardless of single bundle or double bundle techniques. We could not find any significant differences in the clinical outcomes and stability after ACL reconstruction according to the type of graft or fixation device. Therefore, surgeons should select an ideal ACL reconstruction according to the patient's condition and surgeon's experience.

Keywords: Anatomical reconstruction; Anterior cruciate ligament; fixation; graft.

Publication types

  • Review