Objective: To investigate the risk factors of intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).
Methods: The clinical data of 534 cases of 533 patients undergoing allo-HSCT during Jan 2004 and Sep 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The effects of donor-recipient HLA mismatching, recipient age, donor age, donor-recipient sex combination, donor-recipient relationship, HSC source, conditioning regimen with or without total body irradiation (TBI) and HLA loci on intestinal aGVHD with different severity were analyzed by Logistic regression.
Results: Intestinal aGVHD occurred in 123(23.0%) cases, with 86(16.1%) cases of stage 1 intestinal aGVHD(16.1%) and 37(6.9%) cases of stage 2 to 4 intestinal aGVHD. Multivariate analysis showed that donor-recipient HLA mismatching (OR=2.519, P=0.002), increasing donor age (OR=1.034, P=0.003), female donor for male recipient (OR=1.855, P=0.007) were risk factors for intestinal aGVHD, HLA-B38 (OR=0.256, P=0.032) was its protective factor. Donor-recipient HLA mismatching (OR=2.799, P=0.011), increasing donor age (OR=1.045, P=0.012), HLA-A1 (OR=4.157, P=0.002), A30 (OR=3.143, P=0.005) were risk factors for stage 2 to 4 intestinal aGVHD.
Conclusion: Occurrence of intestinal aGVHD and its severity are associated with donor-recipient HLA mismatching, donor age, donor-recipient sex relationships and some HLA loci.