Profile of adults with type 2 diabetes and uptake of clinical care best practices: results from the 2011 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada - Diabetes component

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2014 Jan;103(1):11-9. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2013.11.022. Epub 2013 Dec 4.


Aims: This study aimed to (1) describe the profile of adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Canada and (2) assess the uptake of clinical care best practices, as defined by the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs).

Methods: We used data from the 2011 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada - Diabetes component. Participants were aged 20 years and older, living in the 10 Canadian provinces, with self-reported T2D. Descriptive analyses present the prevalence of complications and comorbidities, as well as the level of clinical monitoring and self-monitoring/lifestyle management recommendations participants received.

Results: We included 2335 participants with T2D, a mean age of 62.9 years, and high prevalence of complications/comorbidities and prescription medication use. Most participants reported being monitored as recommended for eye disease (73.9%), weight (81.0%), blood pressure (89.0%) and blood cholesterol levels (94.3%), but only 65.5% reported having at least two HbA1c tests during the last year and 46.5% reported an annual foot examination by a health professional. About two-thirds of the participants reported having received recommendations on weight management (59.9%) and physical activity (64.7%) from a health professional in the previous year; only 47.8% of the participants reported having received diet counseling to improve diabetes control.

Conclusion: Although the uptake of CDA CPGs for clinical and self-monitoring was high, with the majority of the participants reporting meeting most indicators, it was lower for HbA1c measurement and foot examination. Uptake of lifestyle management recommendations provided by health professionals was also significantly lower.

Keywords: Clinical monitoring; Diabetes; Health care; Lifestyle management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology
  • Disease Management
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Guideline Adherence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prevalence
  • Self Care
  • Self Report


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human