Cervical spinal intradural arachnoid cysts in related, young pugs

J Small Anim Pract. 2014 Apr;55(4):229-34. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12167. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

Abstract

Seven related young pugs were diagnosed with cervical spinal intradural arachnoid cysts by magnetic resonance imaging (n = 6) and myelography (n = 1). All dogs were presented with skin abrasions on their thoracic limbs and non-painful neurological deficits, indicating a C1-T2 myelopathy. In all six dogs examined by magnetic resonance imaging not only the spinal arachnoid cyst but also a concomitant, most likely secondary, syringohydromyelia was confirmed. Pedigree analysis suggested a genetic predisposition for spinal arachnoid cysts in this family of pugs. Generalised proprioceptive deficits more pronounced in the thoracic limbs suggesting a focal cervical spinal cord lesion, with concomitant skin abrasions on the dorsal aspect of the thoracic limbs in a young pug, should alert veterinarians to the possibility of cervical spinal arachnoid cysts.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arachnoid Cysts / complications
  • Arachnoid Cysts / diagnosis
  • Arachnoid Cysts / genetics
  • Arachnoid Cysts / pathology
  • Arachnoid Cysts / veterinary*
  • Cervical Vertebrae / pathology
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Dog Diseases / genetics
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / veterinary
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Spinal Cord Compression / etiology
  • Spinal Cord Compression / pathology
  • Spinal Cord Compression / veterinary
  • Spinal Cord Diseases / complications
  • Spinal Cord Diseases / diagnosis
  • Spinal Cord Diseases / genetics
  • Spinal Cord Diseases / pathology
  • Spinal Cord Diseases / veterinary*

Supplementary concepts

  • Spinal intradural arachnoid cysts