Investigation of Maternal Environmental Exposures in Association With Self-Reported Preterm Birth

Reprod Toxicol. 2014 Jun;45:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2013.12.005. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

Abstract

Identification of maternal environmental factors influencing preterm birth risks is important to understand the reasons for the increase in prematurity since 1990. Here, we utilized a health survey, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to search for personal environmental factors associated with preterm birth. 201 urine and blood markers of environmental factors, such as allergens, pollutants, and nutrients were assayed in mothers (range of N: 49-724) who answered questions about any children born preterm (delivery <37 weeks). We screened each of the 201 factors for association with any child born preterm adjusting by age, race/ethnicity, education, and household income. We attempted to verify the top finding, urinary bisphenol A, in an independent study of pregnant women attending Lucile Packard Children's Hospital. We conclude that the association between maternal urinary levels of bisphenol A and preterm birth should be evaluated in a larger epidemiological investigation.

Keywords: Environment-wide Association Study; Environmental exposure; Preterm birth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Benzhydryl Compounds / blood
  • Benzhydryl Compounds / urine*
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Environmental Pollutants / blood
  • Environmental Pollutants / urine*
  • Estrogens, Non-Steroidal / blood
  • Estrogens, Non-Steroidal / urine*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Maternal Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Phenols / blood
  • Phenols / urine*
  • Pregnancy
  • Premature Birth / etiology*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Estrogens, Non-Steroidal
  • Phenols
  • bisphenol A