[Risk factors and prevalence of cardiovascular disease of rural residents in Xianghe of Hebei province]

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi. 2013 Oct;41(10):882-5.
[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

Objective: To observe the risk factors and prevalence of cardiovascular disease, and predict the 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease (ICVD) of a rural residents in Xianghe of Hebei province.

Methods: Two thousand five hundred and thirty two adults ( ≥ 35 years old) were surveyed at internal medicine outpatient department of Xianghe asthma hospital in Hebei province by face-to-face interview, physical examination and biochemical test. Subjects aged 35 to 59 were also evaluated using the National 10-year Risk Assessment for ICVD.

Results: The prevalence of stroke and coronary heart disease was 2.2% (56/2532) and 6.9% (176/2532) respectively, the age- and sex-standardized prevalence was 1.3% and 5.9% respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, overweight, obese and central obesity was 59.9% (1516/2532), 26.9% (682/2532), 68.5% (1735/2532), 40.9% (1038/2532), 14.8% (374/2532) and 49.5% (1254/2532) respectively, the age- and sex-standardized prevalence was 43.8%, 19.9%, 56.5%, 35.1%, 15.6%, 41.9%, respectively. Ten-year ICVD risk was higher than 10% in 14.1% (188/1336) residents aged between 35 to 59 years.

Conclusions: Risk factors and prevalence of cardiovascular disease as well as 10-year risk of ICVD are high in this rural population in Xianghe of Hebei province. Intensive prevention and therapy strategies are urgently needed to attenuate the ICVD risk factors and treat ICVD in rural area of China.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • China / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population