Purpose of review: This review will examine the impact of neutral pH, low glucose degradation product (GDP) peritoneal dialysis fluid use on patient-level clinical outcomes in peritoneal dialysis patients.
Recent findings: Recently published results from the balANZ trial and a meta-analysis suggest that the use of neutral pH, low GDP peritoneal dialysis fluids leads to better preservation of residual renal function, including residual diuresis, without added harmful effects. The impact of neutral pH, low GDP peritoneal dialysis fluids on other clinical outcomes (e.g. peritonitis) remains uncertain due to conflicting results from randomized controlled trials. A meta-analysis was unable to clarify this further due to generally suboptimal trial quality and insufficient statistical power.
Summary: At present, based on the best available evidence, the use of neutral pH, low GDP peritoneal dialysis fluids is associated with some important clinical benefits without added harm. Further studies in the area are needed to establish the cost-effectiveness of this therapy and to clarify the effects of biocompatible fluids on patient-level outcomes, such as peritonitis, quality of life, technique survival and patient survival.