The biology, structure, and function of eyebrow hair

J Drugs Dermatol. 2014 Jan;13(1 Suppl):s12-6.


Eyebrow hair serves many important biologic and aesthetic functions. This article reviews the structure and function of the hair follicle, as well as hair follicle morphogenesis and cycling. Eyebrow hair follicles share the same basic structure as hair follicles elsewhere on the body, but are distinguished by their shorter anagen (growing) phase. Knowledge of the hair follicle structure and cycle is important for understanding the pathophysiology of alopecia, as diseases affecting the stem cell portion of the hair follicle in the bulge region may cause permanent hair loss. Furthermore, therapeutic agents that target distinct phases and hormones involved in the hair cycle may be useful for promoting hair growth.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Eyebrows / anatomy & histology*
  • Eyebrows / growth & development
  • Eyebrows / physiology*
  • Hair / growth & development
  • Hair / physiology*
  • Hair Diseases / pathology
  • Hair Diseases / therapy
  • Hair Follicle / growth & development
  • Hair Follicle / physiology
  • Hormones / physiology
  • Humans


  • Hormones