In this study, the genetic variations of 23 short tandem repeats on the Y-chromosome were analyzed in a sample of 201 males from the Federal District (Brazil). The Federal District (Brazil) was built in 1960 in Brazil's Central West region, where there was no previous population. In 2010, the population of this artificially founded district consisted of 2,500,000 inhabitants. We observed 200 different haplotypes, 199 of which were unique and one of which occurred two times. The haplotype diversity was 0.9999, and the discrimination capacity was 0.995. The data are available in the Y chromosome haplotype reference database under accession number YA003843. The results were compared to the haplotypes from other Brazilian macroregions.