We present the controlled synthesis of high-quality two-dimensional (2D) GaSe crystals on flexible transparent mica substrates via a facile van der Waals epitaxy method. Single- and few-layer GaSe nanoplates with the lateral size of up to tens of micrometers were produced. The orientation and nucleation sites of GaSe nanoplates were well-controlled. The 2D GaSe crystal-based photodetectors were demonstrated on both mechanically rigid SiO2/Si and flexible mica substrates. Efficient photoresponse was observed in 2D GaSe crystal devices on transparent flexible mica substrates, regardless of repeated bending with different radii. The controlled growth of 2D GaSe crystals with efficient photoresponsivity opens up opportunities for both fundamental aspects and new applications in photodetectors.