The evolution and concepts of joint-preserving surgery of the hip

Bone Joint J. 2014 Jan;96-B(1):5-18. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B1.32823.

Abstract

The use of joint-preserving surgery of the hip has been largely abandoned since the introduction of total hip replacement. However, with the modification of such techniques as pelvic osteotomy, and the introduction of intracapsular procedures such as surgical hip dislocation and arthroscopy, previously unexpected options for the surgical treatment of sequelae of childhood conditions, including developmental dysplasia of the hip, slipped upper femoral epiphysis and Perthes' disease, have become available. Moreover, femoroacetabular impingement has been identified as a significant aetiological factor in the development of osteoarthritis in many hips previously considered to suffer from primary osteoarthritis. As mechanical causes of degenerative joint disease are now recognised earlier in the disease process, these techniques may be used to decelerate or even prevent progression to osteoarthritis. We review the recent development of these concepts and the associated surgical techniques.

Keywords: Concept; Evolution; Future; Hip; Joint preservation; Surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroscopy / methods
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / diagnostic imaging
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / surgery*
  • Femur Head / surgery
  • Femur Neck / surgery
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / surgery
  • Hip Joint / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease / surgery
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / prevention & control
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Radiography
  • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses / diagnostic imaging
  • Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses / surgery